Large magnetoresistance effects in Fe3O4
Authors: Liu, XH; Chang, CF; Tjeng, LH; Komarek, AC; Wirth, S
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER
Volume: 31 Issue: 22 Published: JUN 5 2019 Language: English Document type: Article
We investigated the magnetoresistance (MR) of a single crystal of magnetite, Fe3O4. In an effort to distinguish between different contributions to the MR the samples were prepared in two different initial magnetic states, i.e. by either zero-field or by field cooling from room temperature. The different magnetic structures in this sample have a dramatic effect on the magnetoresistance: for initially zero-field-cooled conditions a negative MR of about -20% is observed just below the Verwey transition at T-V approximate to 124 K. For decreasing temperature the MR increases, changes sign at similar to 78 K and reaches a record positive value of similar to 45% at around 50 K. This behavior is completely absent in the field-cooled sample. Magnetization measurements corroborate an alignment of the easy magnetization direction in applied magnetic fields below T-V as a cause of the strong effects observed in both, magnetization and MR. Our results point to a complex interplay of structural and magnetocrystalline effects taking place upon cooling Fe3O4 through T-V.